[i] Benjamin Moffitt, “How to Perform Crisis: A Model for Understanding the Key Role of Crisis in Contemporary Populism,” Government and Opposition 50, no. 02 (April 2015): 189–217, https://doi.org/10.1017/gov.2014.13.
[ii] Paul Taggart, “Populism and Representative Politics in Contemporary Europe,” Journal of Political Ideologies 9, no. 3 (2004): 269–88, https://doi.org/10.1080/1356931042000263528; Colin Crouch, Post Democracy, 1. edizione (Malden, MA: Polity Pr, 2004).
[iii] Ör: Rogers Brubaker, “Religion and Nationalism: Four Approaches*,” Nations and Nationalism 18, no. 1 (2012): 2–20, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8129.2011.00486.x; Adrian Hastings, The Construction of Nationhood: Ethnicity, Religion and Nationalism(Cambridge University Press, 1997); Barbara-Ann J. Rieffer, “Religion and Nationalism: Understanding the Consequences of a Complex Relationship,” Ethnicities 3, no. 2 (June 1, 2003): 215–42, https://doi.org/10.1177/1468796803003002003; J. Christopher Soper and Joel S. Fetzer, Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective, Cambridge Studies in Social Theory, Religion and Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018), https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316995280.
[iv] Cas Mudde and Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser, Populism: A Very Short Introduction, Very Short Introductions (Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, 2017); Benjamin De Cleen and Yannis Stavrakakis, “Distinctions and Articulations: A Discourse Theoretical Framework for the Study of Populism and Nationalism,” Javnost - The Public 24, no. 4 (October 2, 2017): 301–19, https://doi.org/10.1080/13183222.2017.1330083.
[v] Cas Mudde and Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser, “Populism,” in Oxford Handbook of Political Ideologies, ed. Michael Freeden and Marc Stear (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013), 493–512; Benjamin Moffitt and Simon Tormey, “Rethinking Populism: Politics, Mediatisation and Political Style,” Political Studies 62, no. 2 (2013): 381–97, https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9248.12032.
[vi] Nadia Marzouki, Duncan McDonnell, and Olivier Roy, eds., Saving the People: How Populists Hijack Religion (London: C Hurst & Co Publishers Ltd, 2016).
[vii] Rogers Brubaker, “Between Nationalism and Civilizationism: The European Populist Moment in Comparative Perspective,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 40, no. 8 (June 21, 2017): 1191–1226, https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2017.1294700.
[viii] Rosario Forlenza, “‘Abendland in Christian Hands’: Religion and Populism in Contemporary European Politics,” in Populism and the Crisis of Democracy (Routledge, 2018); Marzouki, McDonnell, and Roy, Saving the People.
[x] Olivier Roy, “‘A Kitsch Christianity’: Populists Gather Support While Traditional Religiosity Declines,” Religion and Global Society(blog), October 22, 2018, https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/religionglobalsociety/2018/10/a-kitsch-christianity-populists-gather-support-while-traditional-religiosity-declines/.
[xi] Natalie Masuoka and Jane Junn, The Politics of Belonging: Race, Public Opinion, and Immigration (University of Chicago Press, 2013); Pietro Castelli Gattinara and Laura Morales, “The Politicization and Securitization of Migration in Western Europe: Public Opinion, Political Parties and the Immigration Issue,” Handbook on Migration and Security, April 28, 2017, https://www.elgaronline.com/view/edcoll/9781785360480/9781785360480.00024.xml; Anthony Heath et al., “Contested Terrain: Explaining Divergent Patterns of Public Opinion towards Immigration within Europe,” Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies 46, no. 3 (February 17, 2020): 475–88, https://doi.org/10.1080/1369183X.2019.1550145.
[xii] Aurelien Mondon and Aaron Winter, “Articulations of Islamophobia: From the Extreme to the Mainstream?,” Ethnic and Racial Studies 40, no. 13 (October 21, 2017): 2151–79, https://doi.org/10.1080/01419870.2017.1312008.
[xiv] Kai Schultz, “Modi Defends Indian Citizenship Law Amid Violent Protests,” The New York Times, December 22, 2019, sec. World, https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/22/world/asia/modi-india-citizenship-law.html.
[xv] Ihsan Ali-Fauzi, “Nationalism and Islamic Populism in Indonesia,” Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, 2018, https://th.boell.org/en/2018/05/16/nationalism-and-islamic-populism-indonesia.
[xvi] Bilge Yabanci, “At the Intersections of Populism, Nationalism and Islam: Justice and Development Party and Populist Reconfiguration of Religion in Politics,” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies online first (September 6, 2021): 1–25, https://doi.org/10.1080/13530194.2021.1972794.
[xvii] Gökhan Çetinsaya, “Rethinking Nationalism and Islam: Some Preliminary Notes on the Roots of ‘Turkish-Islamic Synthesis’ in Modern Turkish Political Thought,” The Muslim World 89, no. 3–4 (1999): 350–76, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-1913.1999.tb02753.x.
[xviii] Milan W. Svolik, “When Polarization Trumps Civic Virtue: Partisan Conflict and the Subversion of Democracy by Incumbents,” Quarterly Journal of Political Science 15, no. 1 (January 26, 2020): 3–31, https://doi.org/10.1561/100.00018132; Dan Slater and Aries A. Arugay, “Polarizing Figures: Executive Power and Institutional Conflict in Asian Democracies,” American Behavioral Scientist 62, no. 1 (January 1, 2018): 92–106, https://doi.org/10.1177/0002764218759577; MiC, “Speaking to Core Beliefs in Immigration” (More in Common Report, 2019), https://www.moreincommon.com/our-work/publications/.